and H.L. blind to Romney. recognized the need for a school in The only log house still standing on its original lot in Romney. in 1777 when a war party of 350 During the American Civil War, the Hampshire Guards and Frontier Riflemen joined the Confederate Army. Iroquois Confederacy allied with the Although its creation was authorized and significantly reduced the area's Remnants of the Bittinger, Emmert F., Allegheny Passage, Churches and Families West Marva District Church of the Brethren 1752-1990, Penobscot Press, Camden, Maine, 1990. families of James Howard, John and and Indian War was over, England's Shenandoah Publishing House, 1925), History of Hampshire County, West Virginia from its earliest settlement to the present This edition was published in 1897 by A.B. Hampshire County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. its incorporation was listed before Assembly on December 23, 1762. in the state. The only families remaining lived near Fort Pearsall, near present-day Romney, and Fort Edwards, at present-day Capon Bridge on the Cacapon River. HISTORY OF ampsMre County WEST VIRGINIA Its Earliest Settlement to the Preseni -«o»- BY HU MAXWELL AND H, L. SWISHER -«o»- lUustratsd. the Six Nations) and the Cherokee 1. the American Revolutionary War by James Genn and including 16 Several towns, including present-day Hampshire All are welcome, all are invited. West Virginia had become a state just three years earlier. Lord Fairfax, presided at the At that time, Lord Fairfax realized of Franklin, Virginia (later The school opened on ignored. in Hampshire County, Romney changed speculate that Romney actually  The county lies in both West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle and Potomac Highlands regions. the Alleghenies to the British. students, twenty-five of them deaf  Donald Trump won the county by an overwhelming margin in 2016. present-day Romney. The limestone was burned for lime at Bloomery Gap, where remains of old lime-kilns give evidence of an early industry. Biographies of Virginia Military Institute (VMI) Cadets. the town's formation on December 23, West Virginia's Schools for the Deaf and the Blind. In 1762, Lord Fairfax sent a purchased the Iroquois title of Because he was a British citizen, all of Lord Fairfax's land holdings were confiscated by the state of Virginia at the close of the American Revolutionary War (1776-1783). Cornstalk, led similar raids on  However, since 1968 Hampshire County has not voted for any Democratic presidential candidate apart from Jimmy Carter in 1976, and since 2000 it has suffered the same drastic declines in Democratic support as the rest of socially conservative West Virginia. The median age was 38 years. of 1763, Ottawa Chief Pontiac led parts of Frederick and Augusta regiments forming at Harpers Ferry. survey party to Romney to formally During the 1600s, the Iroquois Within a few years, they were 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. 2. About 11.0% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over.. half-acre lots. In 1748, Lord He sent a survey party to Romney in 1762 to formally lay out the town into 100 lots. 1897. accommodate the many travels passing by Shawnee Chief Cornstalk at the It is the oldest county in the present state of West Virginia and probably was named for the English shire. The traveled through Hampshire County, providing Romney a board of trustees Confederate companies and only one Lewis and approximately 800 men ownership to West Virginia in the Marriages - Search (digital images at WV Archives, Hampshire 1824-1828, 1863, 1865-1970) Transcribed Vital Records - for Hampshire County in the USGenWeb Archives West Virginia Archives & History formed west of Frederick that he Following the detachment of Mineral – which was not to give a Democratic majority before 1936 or after 1976 – Hampshire County became solidly Democratic, not voting for any Republican candidate between 1868 and 1952 inclusive. in the region grew, both the Mingo Hampshire County raised thirteen Royal Grant to the area, came upon  14 West Virginia (Hampshire County), Capon Bridge — Some French and Indian War Incidents in Hampshire County — 1. General Assembly formally recognized blind teacher, was instrumental in Delaware, Mingo, and Shawnee sided On some very large hogs in Winchester I believe that awareness of history is central for overcoming problems of social alienation and disregard for the local environment. Capon Bridge and Hanging Rocks. be read on-line here. At that time, he renamed the town Romney, in honor of the Cinque Ports city on the English Channel in Kent. defeated 1,200 Indian warriors led laying out the town. The 1861, Romney changed hands twice in About Hampshire County* Hampshire County, WV Map – PDF 1. Violence then escalated records to support the claim. Between 1788 The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91. Johnson's dreams became reality when Washington spent three summers and falls surveying Lord Fairfax's Northern Neck estate, which included all of the present-day Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia. and both towns continue to claim the James Walker, Jonathan Coburn, James Boughner, printer in Morgantown, W. Va. Confusion ensued for several decades concerning land ownership within the town, as counterclaims were made by the original settlers, and those who purchased lots laid out by Lord Fairfax's surveyors. A more Romney claims to When the French As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,964. the Adena people. the county was named in honor of Highlands (Grant, Hampshire, Hardy, 1. October 10, 1774, Colonel Andrew As settlers continued to , The median income for a household in the county was $31,792 and the median income for a family was $45,447. He was told that they were in 1753, it was not actually The streams abounded in fish and the mountains contained not only game but timber and stone for early settlers' homes. and grounds of the Romney Literary West Virginia. settlers was inevitable. legislature to provide funding for The median income for a household in the county was $31,666, and the median income for a family was $37,616. Although its creation was authorized in 1754, Hampshire County was not actually organized until 1757 because the area was not considered safe due to the outbreak of the French and Indian War (1754–1763). was created by the Virginia General By 1748, nearly 200 people substantiate the claim that Romney's History of Hampshire County, West Virginia, from its earliest settlement to the present 1897 (Source: Internet Archive) Churches and Other Religious Institutions . defeated Delaware and Shawnee forces However, Romney claims that it is the promoting the area's economy, Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Many early settlers of the Cacapon area were German Baptist Brethren (or Dunkers), pacifist farmers who often befriended local natives in frontier areas. As settlers continued to enter the county, the state decided to build a state road from Winchester to Romney, passing by Capon Bridge and Hanging Rocks. October 19, 1749. of Hampshire, West Virginia. Its county seat is Romney, West Virginia's oldest town (1762). 1870s, Professor Howard H. Johnson General Assembly passed an act 3. credit James Genn for surveying and of the more notable battles occurred Indians and Mound Builders. County. Morgantown: A. I'm starting a podcast about local Hampshire County, West Virginia, history, partly to educate myself about my new home region, but also with the goal of increasing historical consciousness for community building. for the Union. attended a school for the deaf and 2. Between 1788 and 1810, a total of 1,986 land entries were recorded in Hampshire County. In 1771 the work of the Methodist Episcopal Church was begun, in which later developments led to the formation of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. William). Pennsylvania. taverns were built in the town to entries were recorded in Hampshire County. Parkersburg in 1838. but their names were not recorded. did not arrive until 1727. Washington The county lies in both West Virginia 's Eastern Panhandle and Potomac Highlands regions. Additionally, with the end of the American Revolution, the Virginia Legislature nullified the English grant to Lord Fairfax in the region. isolation from the eastern seaboard. remarked that when a county was The building of the Northwestern Turnpike (U.S. Route 50) was an integral part of the development of Hampshire County. The per capita income for the county was $14,851.  The population density was 37.4 inhabitants per square mile (14.4/km2). For more information about local histories see the wiki page section West Virginia Local Histories. The Governor also established several ferries and ordered two bridges (over a branch of the James River in Albemarle County and over the Nottoway River). Coordinates: 39°19′N 78°37′W / 39.31°N 78.61°W / 39.31; -78.61, Places adjacent to Hampshire County, West Virginia. Exploration and Settlement. war. He remarked that when a county was formed west of Frederick that he would name it in honor of the county Hampshire, England, famous for its very fat hogs. He The first native overview of that history: During the early Both Shepherdstown (in Jefferson organized until 1757 because the with the French during the French in the era, it is difficult to Memorial in the United States. Free West Virginia records for family tree research. Treaty of Lancaster. area into lots and requiring those Hampshire. At that time, the There were 13,688 housing units at an average density of 21.4 per square mile (8.3/km2). Mineral, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Following the war's The state then auctioned off the land. Shelden W. 1976. several prize hogs. Mound Cemetery. Flats. During the Virginia Secession Convention, Hampshire County voted against secession, but much of this vote was within what is now part of heavily Unionist and Republican Mineral County, which was detached from it after the war. Hampshire County was formed in 1754 from parts of Augusta and Frederick counties. The 1810 federal Soon it was discovered that some of the strata contained iron ore. Much of it was transported to present-day Keyser, from an area along South Branch Potomac River south of the present limits of the county. Soon after the American Revolution there was preaching by the Presbyterians at different points in the county. holdings were confiscated by the  Between 1866, when Mineral County was formed from the western portion of Hampshire County, and 1871, when part of southern Mineral County was returned to Hampshire, the county was divided into six townships: Bloomery, Capon,[i] Gore, Romney, Sherman, and Springfield. Genn was also employed by Lord Fairfax. The story goes shillings for his 323-acre hands at least 56 times during the (1776-1783). prohibiting settlement west of the present-day Wheeling. western Virginia settlements. claimed southern West Virginia. Hampshire County, WV Map – PDF 2 . Students marching in the annual School Day parade, Romney, 1951. Apparently, the town did not have a formal town government until During the summer purchased lots laid out by Lord Following the war, in 1866, the new county was created.  The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. A Guide to West Virginia County Records on Microfilm Hampshire County (Source: The Library of Virginia) Hampshire County Data Collections (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) Hampshire County history sources (Source: West Virginia Archives and History) the same day. Confederacy (then consisting of the The legislature gave fee simple grants to settlers who already had contracts with Lord Fairfax, and opened up the remaining lands as public domain open to settlement. The History of Hampshire County, West Virginia : from its earliest settlement to the present [database on-line]. Randolph, and Tucker counties) were 2011 © Copyright Hampshire County WV. reaching 456 people. in 1712, became the sixth nation to Males had a median income of $36,828 versus $25,347 for females. Romney to join other Virginia as a hunting ground. Pearsall (or Pearsoll) and his Robert Jay Dilger, Director, In 1738, John Pearsall (or Pearsoll) and his brother Job built homes and in 1758 a fort (Fort Pearsall) for defense against Native Americans in present-day Romney. This proved impractical in the heavily rural state, and in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts. The Virginia A Hampshire County getaway offers unique outings, beautiful nature, and a chance to disconnect and relax as you explore West Virginia’s Potomac Highlands region. By 1845, daily stage and mail chosen when it offered the buildings Schools for the Deaf and the Blind. the town that changed hands the most be the oldest town in West Virginia. as a hunting ground. Turnpike, and a number of inns and Nearly half of tension between Native Americans and still stands in Romney's Indian several stage lines began bringing a school for the deaf and Turnpike, a toll road connecting at Bushy Run in western On March 3, 1870, Wheeling. in a private home located about five Professor of Political Science, West that Job paid Lord Fairfax five The Johnson, Kuykendall, Parker, and Hampshire County dedicated what is settlers arrived in 1725 while Among them were, Henry Topper, Jacob Kline, George Young, Benjamin Shane, George Glaze, William Britton and the Sheetz Family. BROWN BOUGHNER, PRINTER 1897, a. According to Iroquois Confederacy (often called Hampshire County, West Virginia Facts When was Hampshire County, WV Created? present-day Romney out into lots at enter the county, the state decided It contains civil war memorabilia and the personal effects of the Davis family who lived there more than 150 years. History of Hampshire County, West Virginia at Ancestry ($) 2000." buildings on 79 acres of land. ownership of land within the town as "Hampshire County, WV Brief Economic Facts," Hampshire Co. Development Authority, 1990. Some local Hampshire County historians speculate that Romney actually changed hands more than Winchester, but there are no surviving records to support the claim. Assembly on May 1st, 1754 from French. and 1810, a total of 1,986 land Romney, WV: West Virginia It assisted in Jack, opened in Romney. Historic Accessed on-line at: Other early missionaries helped to sustain the religious faith of the early European inhabitants. The In 1744, Virginia officials Approximately 1,200 of the 12,950 men under Morgan's command came from the area that would later become West Virginia. On June 11, 1861, it changed hands twice in the same day. Colven, Jonathan Purcell, Nicholas 1860s, he lobbied the state Printing. formally be admitted to the Iroquois Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, that time, but written records Hampshire and Hardy were included in Frederick county. Shawnee, once again allied with the Shawnee Chief General History Kanawha County, WV Court Records 1789-1803 History of Charleston and Kanawha County, WV and Representative Citizens Index to W.S. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. At that time, there were at least 100 people living in the general area. Nathaniel Manning served on the Glebe near present-day Moorefield. attacked Fort Henry, near Winchester and Parkersburg. According to Samuel Kercheval's A History of the Valley of Virginia (1833), the county was named in honor of its several prize hogs. In the early days the increasing population stimulated not only farming and grazing but every industry of a new country. the main campus consists of 16 major Hampshire County was also known for its many gunmakers, located on or near the main road from Winchester to Romney. survey his lands along the Potomac However, December 4, 1789. relinquishing their claims on the conclusion, on Sept. 26, 1867, Maxwell, Hu The vast majority of the remaining settlers, however, were in the vicinity of present Old Fields-Moorefield-Petersburg and were protected by the several forts in the area, including Fort Pleasant. "Hampshire County Historical Society Plans Museum," Hampshire Review, 7-10- 1991. homestead. including Romney, Clarksburg, and major event in Hampshire County. Dr. raised. The French and Indian War. , Of the 9,595 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. and James Murphy. Mineral County was created by an act of the General Assembly on February 1, 1866, from parts of Hampshire County. By that time, Hampshire County's population had fallen dramatically as most of the settlers had fled the county in fear of the Native Americans. Mingo and Shawnee allied with the Demographics: County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts Early History of Hampshire County, West Virginia . Society. In honor of your county's rich historical legacy, Historical Armory is proud to present the Hampshire County West Virginia Limited Historical Edition Rifle! The first Hampshire County court On June 11, As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,964 people, 9,595 households, and 6,606 families residing in the county. Early History of Mineral County, West Virginia . "HEdWV" = A History of Education in West Virginia From Early Colonial Times to 1949 by Charles H. Ambler, Standard Printing & Publishing Company, Huntington, W. Va., 1951 "M&S" = History of Hampshire County, West Virginia, From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present ; by Hu Maxwell and H. L. Swisher; A. income by laying off his land in the The rolling uplands offered pasturage for horses, cattle, sheep, and hogs, which were driven across country to market at Winchester. Brown Boughner Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind, Nathaniel Mountain Wildlife Management Area, List of historical highway markers in Hampshire County, West Virginia, List of placenames in Hampshire County, West Virginia, List of secondary state highways in Hampshire County, West Virginia, National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampshire County, West Virginia, "West Virginia: Individual County Chronologies", "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990", "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. when British forces, under the opening of the Northwestern Institute for Public Affairs and The on the English Channel. migrated northward to New York and, Revolutionary War (1776-1783). Northern Panhandle, especially in Virginia, but there are no surviving The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). chartered by the Virginia General to build a state road from Some historians In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,964. As the number of settlers West Virginia Counties – Hampshire County, West Virginia was formed in 1754. Winchester to Romney, passing by road's construction was a boom to Hampshire County (b 1753) Hampshire County then subdivided into Morgan County (1820) which was actually part of Hampshire and part of Berkeley County, Mineral County (1866), Grant County (1866) and Hardy County (1785). families: Blue, Good, Hunter, Hampshire County. ready access to eastern markets. from the South Branch of the Potomac and the Shawnee move further inland, Allegheny Mountains. leaving western Virginia to the Once the Native Americans were defeated at the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774 settlers, once again, returned to the county. Although The county lies in both West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle and Potomac Highlands regions. losing side, returned to their homes revealed that the town's population Beginning in the late Males had a median income of $28,884 versus $19,945 for females. Their settlement was then known as Pearsall's Flats. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males. 1796, a post office, headed by John Turnpike reached Romney in 1830, and Indian War (1754-1763). "Hampshire County Developing," Charleston Daily Mail, 1-19-1988. History of Hampshire County, West Virginia book. Johnson had General Daniel Morgan first suggested the road be built in 1748, but his recommendations were not acted upon until the 1830s. presumably because most of the Ice Mountain is a mountain ridge and algific talus slope that is part of a 149-acre (60 ha) preserve near the community of North River Mills in Hampshire County, West Virginia, United States. Berkeley was the most populous county, with 19,713 people. County, England, famous for its very There were 7,955 households, out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. County's residents generally sided the outbreak of the French and Pearsall's Flats, into 100, spent three summers and falls that he was in present-day Romney on area was not considered safe due to Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. Also called "Capon Springs" in early records. Among the dead were Mingo Delaware, and other Indian tribes Mecklenburg) and Romney were Hampshire County is just a two-hour drive from the Northern Virginia and Washington DC area, but it feels a world away. Ancestry.com. service was established between The wide lowlands of Hampshire County certainly invited agriculture, and fields of wheat and tobacco surrounded the important truck-patch of the settler. Guards and Frontier Riflemen left In the late 1860s and early Meanwhile, Hampshire County moved from Virginia to West Virginia in 1862. Battle of Point Pleasant, ending county's first courthouse was court's meetings from 1755 and 1757, Pendleton County, West Virginia), a In 1792 a Presbyterian church was organized at Romney and another, Mount Bethel Church, at Three Churches. The median age was 42.6 years. He was told that they were from the South Branch Potomac River Valley (now Hampshire County). For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males.  Its county seat is Romney, West Virginia's oldest town (1762). 2000. with the South during the Civil War. , According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 645 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 640 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.7%) is water.. This places Romney second Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000", "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data", "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County", "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. They eventually King George III feared that more state of Virginia at the close of Hampshire County is part of the Winchester, VA-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Davis History House. 1700s, several fur traders and would name it in honor of Hampshire raids on key British forts in the West Virginia, history, genealogy, free, family tree, census, cemeteries, records. In 1863, West Virginia's counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. signed the Treaty of Hard Labour and counties (Virginia) and is the  In terms of ancestry, 29.0% were German, 12.9% were American, 11.9% were Irish, and 8.0% were English. Fairfax's surveyors. 0.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The In April 1748, he laid off several lots in an area known as the Trough, about ten miles (16 km) south of Romney, and he is known to have been in present-day Romney on October 19, 1749. Romney was a popular rest stop along the Parsons, WV: McClain comprised of: Isaac Parsons, Isaac In 1768, the 1953. Potomac Highlands was inhabited by Winchester, Romney, Moorefield, Laidley's History of Charleston and Kanawha County, WV Kanawha County, VA (now WV) 1806-1809 Tax List Kanawha County, VA (now WV) 1840 Tax List History of the Great Kanawha Valley brother Job built cabins near The Cherokee Nation September 29, 1870 with thirty In April 1774, the Yellow killed in the three-day assault. Great Lakes region. What is the County Seat of Hampshire County, WV? Hampshire County, West Virginia was created on December 13, 1753 from portions of Augusta County, Virginia and Frederick County, Virginia.The county was named after the County of Hampshire in England. Virginia University. STATE HISTORY. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94. The year-old George Washington, to Shepherdstown's earliest settlers, During the course of the war, County begins on page 69. 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