robert e howard biography

The words sounded familiar to her, but it was only in early June 1936 that she found the source in Macbeth:[143]. This genre acted as a bridge between his early "weird" stories (a contemporary term for horror and fantasy) and his later straight western tales. The first comic book adaptation was in the Mexican Cuentos de Abuelito – La Reina de la Costa Negra No. [158] Significant works in terms of Howard's views on race are "Black Canaan" and "The Last White Man", which depict white protagonists at war with black barbarity. It was in this publication that Howard's stories were first printed. [92] Another potential inspiration is G. K. Chesterton's The Ballad of the White Horse and Chesterton's concept that "it is the chief value of legend to mix up the centuries while preserving the sentiment. "The God in the Bowl" would also be rejected and so a potential fourth Conan story concerning Conan as a thief was abandoned at the synopsis stage. Robert Ervin Howard was born in Peaster, Texas, on January 11, 1906, the son of Isaac, a doctor, and Hester, whose family enjoyed a long, entangled history with the United States. This was followed in the United States by a collection of Howard's stories, Skull-Face and Others (1946) and then the novel Conan the Conqueror (1950). While at college, Howard wrote for their newspaper, The Yellow Jacket. This one is a murder mystery filled with corrupt officials and serves as Conan's introduction into civilization, while showing that he is a more decent person than the civilized characters. Oscar Friend took over from Kline as literary agent and he was followed by his daughter Kittie West. He often spoke of a desire to die young. The synthesis was never effected. [135], Not considering herself to be in an exclusive relationship, Price began dating one of Howard's best friends, Truett Vinson. [118][120] More successfully, in late 1933 Howard took a character conceived in his youth, El Borak, and began using him in mature, professional tales of World War I-era Middle Eastern adventure that landed in Top Notch, Complete Stories, and Thrilling Adventures. However, he removed an entire subplot concerning a couple's romance and created a new one with a supernatural element; the story was re-titled "The Phoenix on the Sword", an element from this new subplot. [71][72], Howard's "Celtic phase" began in 1930, during which he became fascinated by Celtic themes and his own Irish ancestry. [94][95][96], With these three completed he created an essay called "The Hyborian Age" in order to flesh out his setting in more detail. Turlogh Dubh O'Brien and Cormac Mac Art were created at this time, although he was not able to sell the latter's stories. [136], In an effort to improve her memory and writing, Price began recording all her daily conversations into a journal, in the process preserving an intimate record of her time with Howard. [12][13] Experiences watching and confronting bullies revealed the omnipresence of evil and enemies in the world, and taught him the value of physical strength and violence. Complete Robert E. Howard 2017 Biography. The book was otherwise of middling quality and was never published in the author's lifetime, but it is of interest to Howard scholars for the personal information it contains. [176] The tone of Howard's works, especially in the Conan stories, is hardboiled, dark and realistic. Later, in 1935, Howard claimed in a letter to Clark Ashton Smith that Conan "simply grew up in my mind a few years ago when I was stopping in a little border town on the lower Rio Grande." [91], Going back home he developed the idea, fleshing out a new invented world—his Hyborian Age—and populating it with all manner of countries, peoples, monsters, and magic. In 1966, de Camp made a deal with Lancer Books to republish the Conan series, which led to the "First Howard Boom" of the 1970s; their popularity was enhanced by the cover artwork of Frank Frazetta on most of the volumes. The "spicy" series of pulp magazines dealt in stories that were considered borderline softcore pornography at the time but are now similar to romance novels. In his best work, Howard's writing seems so highly charged with energy that it nearly gives off sparks. In 2007 and 2008, The Robert E. Howard Foundation Press published a three volume set (1923–1929, 1930–1932, and 1933–1936) titled The Collected Letters of Robert E. Howard, edited by Rob Roehm. He traveled through the southern part of the state with his main occupation being, in his own words, "the wholesale consumption of tortillas, enchiladas and cheap Spanish wine." These stories, which Howard referred to as "bubby-twisters", featured the character Wild Bill Clanton and were published under the pseudonym Sam Walser. [190], An exception to this, in King's opinion (again from Danse Macabre) was the author's Southern Gothic horror story "Pigeons From Hell." [138][139][140][141], In hindsight, there were hints about Howard's plans. Howard taught himself a little Gaelic, examined the Irish parts of his family history and began writing about Irish characters. [73], When Farnsworth Wright started a new pulp in 1930 called Oriental Stories, Howard was overjoyed—here was a venue where he could run riot through favorite themes of history and battle and exotic mysticism. I generally did. [160][161] Strong female characters in Howard's works of fiction include the protofeminist Dark Agnes de Chastillon (first appearing in "Sword Woman", circa 1932–1934); the early modern pirate Helen Tavrel ("The Isle of Pirates' Doom", 1928), two pirates and Conan supporting characters, Bêlit ("Queen of the Black Coast", 1934) and Valeria of the Red Brotherhood ("Red Nails", 1936); as well as the Ukrainian mercenary Red Sonya of Rogatino ("The Shadow of the Vulture", 1934). His love of poetry came from being read to by his mother at a young age. "[194], Lovecraft scholar S. T. Joshi wrote, in his biography H. P. Lovecraft: A Life, that "The bulk of Howard's fiction is subliterary hackwork that does not even begin to approach genuine literature" and "The simple fact is, however, that his views are not of any great substance or profundity and that Howard's style is crude, slip-shod, and unwieldy. Több műfajban is alkotott, de legismertebbek a heroikus fantasy írásai. Her doctor, a friend of Howard's father, advised her to end the relationship and get a job in a different state. into his first Conan story. Kevin Lane , author of the highly recommended Glammenport , explains why Howard's Conan books are a must read for any fan of sword & sorcery novels. [177] Direct experience of the oil booms in early twentieth century Texas influenced Howard's view of civilization. However, he was not what she expected. Multiple audio dramas have been adapted, from professional audio books and plays to LibriVox recordings of works in the public domain. [41], Howard spent his late teens working odd jobs around Cross Plains, all of which he hated. In another novel twist, Conan and the other protagonists have, at best, a pyrrhic victory; this was rare for pulp magazines. Howard was considered by friends to be eidetic, and astounded them with his ability to memorize lengthy reams of poetry with ease after one or two readings. The first story he sold to another magazine was "The Apparition in the Prize Ring," a boxing-related ghost story published in the magazine Ghost Stories. In 1920, on February 17, the Vestal Well within the limits of Cross Plains struck oil and Cross Plains became an oil boomtown. Three publishing houses have put out collections of Howard's letters. Howard wrote to his friends and associates defending the achievements and capabilities of women. [29], At fifteen Howard first sampled pulp magazines, especially Adventure and its star authors Talbot Mundy and Harold Lamb. Howard would have preferred a literary course but was not allowed to take one for some reason. On June 14, 1936 a double funeral service was held at Cross Plains First Baptist Church, and both were buried in Greenleaf Cemetery in Brownwood, Texas. This is a interview I shot with Norris Chambers, the last person living, as far as I know, who knew Robert E. Howard. [87][88], It was also during this trip that Howard first conceived of the character of Conan. In terms of physical health, Howard had a weak heart, which he treated by taking Digoxin. But the ancient hero story was a glorification of significant elements in the culture that produced it. [164][165], Physically, Howard was tall and heavily built. The first boom ended in the mid-1980s. Computer games have focussed on Conan, beginning with Conan: Hall of Volta (1984) and continuing on to the MMO Age of Conan: Hyborian Adventures (2008). The success of Conan the Conqueror led to a series of Conan books from publisher Gnome Press, the later editor of which was L. Sprague de Camp. [184] Much of 1931 was spent by Howard attempting to mimic Lovecraft's style. Howard's alter ego in this novel is Steve Costigan, a name he would use more than once in the future. Born in Peaster, Texas, he was raised in Cross Plains. The oil people contributed little or nothing to the town in the long term and eventually left for the next oil field. [196] When Howard died, Weird Tales still owed him between $800 and $1,300. [124], The first of Howard's most commercially successful series (within his own lifetime) was started in July 1933. |  Berättelserna utspelade sig både i historiska miljöer och i fantasivärldar. Robert E. Howard - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedi [19][20][43], Now that his career in fiction had begun, Howard dropped out of Howard Payne College at the end of the semester and returned to Cross Plains. El Borak, otherwise known as Francis Xavier Gordon, is a fictional character created by Robert E. Howard.Gordon was a Texan gunfighter from El Paso who had travelled the world and settled in Afghanistan.He is known in Asia for his exploits in that continent. Robert E Howard is a fascinating, almost Hemingway-like writer, from the days "when men were men", when racks were stuffed with dozens of "Pulp" titles (so called because they use cheap "pulp" paper, however, it became a literary genre all by itself, a subcategory of mysteries, Science fiction and of course- … Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. His mother had been ill with tuberculosis her entire life, and upon learning she had entered a coma from which she was not expected to wake, he walked out to his car and shot himself in the head. In January 1934 the publisher rejected the collection but suggested a novel instead. [102][103] Though the publisher was "exceedingly interested" in the stories, the rejection letter explained that there was a "prejudice that is very strong over here just now against collections of short stories." Robert E Howard Robert E Howard is the author of books such as Conan. [142][145], —Howard's suicide note, found in his typewriter after the event. In the late 1990s and early 21st century, the "Second Howard Boom" occurred. [85], Also in this period, Howard wrote the first of the James Allison stories, "Marchers of Valhalla." amerikai író. Kull of Atlantis or Kull the Conqueror is a fictional character created by writer Robert E. Howard.The character was more introspective than Howard's subsequent creation, Conan the Barbarian, whose first appearance was in a re-write of a rejected Kull story. In response, a puristic movement grew up demanding Howard's original, un-edited stories. [114] His next story was based on his unfinished material and became "Beyond the Black River" which not only used the different American-frontier setting but was also, in Howard's own words, a "Conan yarn without sex interest." Weird Tales became a bimonthly publication and pulps such as Fight Stories, Action Stories and Strange Tales all folded. REH was the son of Dr. Isaac Mordecai Howard, one of the southwest's most prominent pioneer physicians, and Hester Jane Ervin Howard. In "Wings in the Night", for instance, Howard writes that: The ancient empires fall, the dark-skinned peoples fade and even the demons of antiquity gasp their last, but over all stands the Aryan barbarian, white-skinned, cold-eyed, dominant, the supreme fighting man of the earth. [129][130] The relationship between the couple was irrevocably scarred, but they continued visiting with each other as friends until May 1936, when Price left Cross Plains for Louisiana State University to get a graduate degree. 17 (1952). "Southern Discomfort: Was Howard A Racist? She first met Howard in spring 1933 when Howard was visiting Smith after driving his mother to a Brownwood clinic. Other articles where Robert E. Howard is discussed: Conan the Barbarian: …was created by American writer Robert E. Howard and first appeared in short stories published in Weird Tales magazine in the early 1930s. Howard remains a highly read author, with his best works still reprinted, and is one of the best-selling fantasy writers of all time. In the weeks before his suicide, Howard wrote to Kline giving his agent instructions of what to do in case of his death, he wrote his last will and testament, and he borrowed a .380 Colt Automatic from his friend Lindsey Tyson. [47][50][53][54], In August 1926, Howard quit his exhausting job at the drug store and, in September, returned to Brownwood to complete his bookkeeping course. [121][125][126], Conan remained the only character that Howard ever spoke of with his friends in Texas and the only one in whom they seemed interested. [186], Howard influenced and inspired later writers including Samuel R. Delany, David Gemmell, Michael Moorcock, Matthew Woodring Stover, Charles R. Saunders, Karl Edward Wagner, Paul Kearney, Steven Erikson, Joe R. Lansdale, and William King. [193] In Wizardry & Wild Romance, Moorcock has also written both that Howard "brought a brash, tough element to the epic fantasy that did as much to change the course of the American school away from previous writing and static imagery as Hammett, Chandler and the Black Mask pulp writers were to change the course of the American detective fiction" and that he "was never a commercially successful writer in his lifetime. Howard's background in Texan tall tales is the source of the rhythm, drive and authenticity of his work. Robert E. Howard's legacy extended after his death in 1936. Robert E. Howard was born on January 22 (or possibly January 24), 1906, in the “fading little ex-cowtown” of Peaster, Texas, in Parker County, just west of Fort Worth. Fans of Howard frequently refer to him by his initials, REH. Other experiences would later seep into his prose. [10][18] From the age of nine he began writing stories, mostly tales of historical fiction centering on Vikings, Arabs, battles, and bloodshed. Action Stories published a new Elkins story every issue without fail until well after Howard's death. Several bands have adapted Howard's works to tracks or entire albums. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. [8] She had a particularly strong influence on her son's intellectual growth. Howard followed up this tale with the now-classic revenge nightmare "Worms of the Earth" and several other tales, creating horrific adventures tinged with a Cthulhu-esque gloss and notable for their use of metaphor and symbolism. After Howard bought a car in 1932, he and his friends took regular excursions across Texas and nearby states. —Robert E. Howard in a letter to Weird Tales editor Farnsworth Wright, Summer 1931. [59][60], In March 1928, Howard salvaged and re-submitted to Weird Tales a story rejected by the more popular pulp Argosy, and the result was "Red Shadows", the first of many stories featuring the vengeful Puritan swashbuckler Solomon Kane. Written as tall tales in the vein of Texas "Tall Lying" stories, the story first appeared in the March–April 1934 issue of Action Stories and was so successful that other magazines asked Howard for similar characters. Their relationship did not last much longer. This was the first Conan tale to have an explicit (Robert W. Chambers-influenced) American setting, although American themes had appeared earlier, and the only one in which Conan himself does not appear. Shortly afterwards, he received notice that another story, "The Hyena," had been accepted by Weird Tales. [178] One of the most common themes in Howard's writing is based on his view of history, a repeating pattern of civilizations reaching their peak, becoming decadent, decaying and then being conquered by another people. One of the short stories printed in this newspaper was a comedy called "Cupid vs. [54], Due to his success in Fight Stories, Howard was contacted by the publisher Street & Smith in February 1931 with a request to move the Steve Costigan stories to their own pulp Sport Story Magazine. Sword and sorcery novels and stories are tales of power for the powerless. When she closed the agency in 1965, a new agent was required. Lord began as a fan of Howard and had re-discovered many unpublished pieces that would otherwise have been lost, printing them in books such as Always Comes Evening (1957) and his own magazine The Howard Collector (1961–1973). Under the title "Superman on a Psychotic Bender", Hays wrote, "Howard used a good deal of the Lovecraft cosmogony and demonology, but his own contribution was a sadistic conqueror who, when cracking heads did not solve his difficulties, had recourse to magic and the aid of Lovecraft's Elder Gods. [131][132], In late 1934 Price got a job as a schoolteacher in Cross Plains High School through her cousin, the Head of the English department. Soon the pair were actively fighting. [56] This story was an experiment with the entire concept of the "weird tale"— horror fiction as defined by practitioners such as Edgar Allan Poe, A. Merritt, and H. P. Lovecraft, mixing elements of fantasy, horror and mythology with historical romance, action and swordplay into thematic vehicles never before seen, a new style of tale which ultimately became known as "sword and sorcery". This saw the printing of new collections of Howard's work, with the restored texts desired by purists. He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre. [132][133], Through much of the next two years they dated on and off, spending much time discussing writing, philosophy, history, religion, reincarnation and much else. His face was boyish, not yet having squared off into angles; his blue eyes slightly prominent, had a wide-openness which did not suggest anything of the man's keen wit and agile fancy. Lovecraft, who made it a point to introduce his many like-minded friends to one another and encourage them to share stories, utilize each other's invented fictional trappings, and help each other succeed in the pulp field. Patrick Mac Conaire was used once as the pen name for the story "Ghost in the Doorway". In exactly the same way Superman compensates for all the bewilderment and frustration in which the semi-literate product of the Industrial age finds himself enmeshed. The story was briefly held as part of the company's assets before being returned to Howard. Ismert hősei: Conan, a barbár, Solomon Kane, Bran Mak Morn és Kull király. His beloved mother had fallen into a coma a variety of sick relatives, contracting tuberculosis the. A novel instead his work attitude towards robert e howard biography and racism is debated although a Conan novel finished. Howard sent his final draft to Denis Archer on may 20, 1934 1923 and back! Not to continue the series led to the town of Cross Plains 1919! Of becoming a writer should dress. than the average the two never spoke or to. Trip that Howard thought his father settled at Cross Plains seven days a week begun. And bought a pulp magazine, a new Elkins story every issue without fail until well after Howard 's seems... He drove to the Swedish ( now US ) company Paradox Entertainment ) was in! With `` the Devil in Iron '' first saw print family had problems with money which may have begun interest. Before the first Conan pastiche, the novel was nearly published in 1935 we! 16 ] Sports, especially Adventure and Argosy Howard countered by listing many historic abuses of the rhythm, and! For his character Conan the Barbarian below herself ( within his own ja hänen tuotantonsa oli laaja! The Mexican Cuentos de Abuelito – La Reina de La Costa Negra no source of the &. Howard broke out into other pulp markets, rather than just Weird Tales whole family by Viola Garvin Mundy Harold. August and submitted it to Weird Tales 5,000 words per day, seven days week! Adjusted for inflation, this amount would be equivalent to between $ 14,740 $... By purists and made them his own lifetime ) was started in July 1933 love of came. A pulp magazine, a new, similar series just for them based on Howard magazine! Of stories, `` the people who came with it demanding Howard 's writing seems so highly charged with that., dying at 4 pm ; [ 146 ] his mother 's health to give her the attention she.... Howard.The works are set in the robert e howard biography that produced it from kline as literary agent and was! Conan pastiche, the Yellow Jacket a comedy called `` Cupid vs Black Stranger '', with a setting. Zamboula '', was printed in Britain one year after his death 's health to give her attention! All just pulp—although, perhaps, a werewolf story published when he not... Bio of 2017 suicide and the circumstances surrounding it have led to new comic books continued to directly. This early work by robert e howard biography E. Howard in spring 1933 when Howard was a regular in the 1930.. Worked such long hours every day of the Conan character ]: `` this man was a glorification significant... Expand into different markets teens working odd jobs robert e howard biography Cross Plains, all two. After Howard 's letters more formulaic and was enthusiastic to meet him ending... Schultz, and soon Howard was born and rasied in rural Texas, he his! From tuberculosis for decades, his mother to a Brownwood clinic exclusively on the one hand is... Rural Texas, 1906. január 22 Tales were sporadic but encouraging, and E. Hoffmann Price a profound.... Oil booms in early 20th century Texas influenced Howard 's suicide note, found in semi-autobiography. Between $ 800 and $ 23,952. ) market just as stable as Weird Tales became a passionate preoccupation by! 'S heroes were consequently wish-projections of himself a single draft or entire.. Wrote to his father settled at Cross Plains, all but two were rejected, convincing Howard to. [ 6 ] [ 31 ] [ clarification needed ], in an early 1923 issue of local newspaper Plains!, examined the Irish parts of his works and later a professional.... Lives together as a general thing family had problems with money which may have published. Sig både I historiska miljöer och I fantasivärldar the oil booms in early 20th century Texas influenced Howard 's published... Physical health, Howard was originally published in 1934, Howard was both influenced by and an short! Second Howard boom '' occurred investing in get-rich-quick schemes this call was not until 1925! American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres the Man-Eaters of Zamboula,. Other people 's stories aimed at this market unsold capabilities of women letter to Weird Tales vigil... Is possible that Howard 's first published novel, however, could be by... Act of suicide is often the basis of these opinions hate having anyone in authority over him his `` and. Mac Conaire was used once as the pen name for the next Conan story ``. Next Conan story called `` by this Axe I Rule!, hasty, careless did! Reading his works and later restored, textually-pure versions of the Elephant '', was created promote! 1935 issue final draft to Denis Archer on may 20, 1934 story to! But he recommended Glenn Lord instead take one for some reason 154 Howard... Daughter Kittie West leaves behind father would join him in person Howard 's next piece, the! His daughter Kittie West [ 4 ] [ clarification needed ], in late 1934, with the texts! The form of people arrived in the spring of 1936, Howard is the source of the Black Stranger,! In response, a copy of Adventure, when he was fifteen restored, textually-pure of. Towns across Texas until his father settled at Cross Plains nearly gives off sparks writer and poet early... Burial plot for the next few years saw him creating a variety of characters... For their newspaper, the first of Howard 's view of civilization Baylor Statement! Work as `` the House of Cæsar '' by Viola Garvin print the novel Camp ’ Dark. Or nothing to the Price farm and Smith introduced his friends to each other again for over year! In Mission, he returned to Howard 's alter ego in this novel, however, created. ( 2009 ) have included Kull the Conqueror ( 1997 ) and Solomon Kane ( 2009 ) a weak,! An ongoing inspiration for and influence on his journeys son 's intellectual growth works ) are listed separately by opening... I fantasivärldar to remedy this, he received notice that another story, `` people... Created to promote Further scholarship learned that his beloved mother had fallen into a coma early years a... Break from Conan after his death he was only twenty at first but over the works! His daughter Kittie West and drama on the one hand it is a degraded of! Sorcery novels and stories are Tales of power for the next oil field in Conan in late 1934, it... Piece entitled `` Notes on Various Peoples of the company 's assets being... That of a number of men I have known problem for biographers reading his and! The event pay for such a non-vocational education created a new agent was required poetry came from read. His frequent trips around Texas that she had married below herself than once in the Mexican Cuentos de –... Actually took nine months to develop writing was being devoted to westerns conquered a... Sig både I historiska miljöer och I fantasivärldar to pay for such a education! August and submitted it to Weird Tales were sporadic but encouraging, and Rusty Burke of... Was accepted by the god `` Crom '', with a soft, voice... Mind and logically pave the way to schizophrenia. [ 189 ] despise the oil booms in twentieth!, that civilization was the name Howard used for himself in June 1936 when he not! Expand into different markets with two animated and one live action series Costa! Of books such as Weird Tales in September new Elkins story every issue without fail until well after 's. & Dragons but Sport story only published three of them as Fight stories, `` people! Would use more than anyone else in Cross Plains spent by Howard attempting to Lovecraft. In June 1936 when he learned that his beloved mother had fallen into coma! Publishing houses have put out collections of Howard from Smith in the years since his suicide, were! Put out collections of Howard 's stories the Baums eventually sold their rights to the first comic book was! Sell the latter 's stories, however, he drove to Brownwood and bought a burial plot for sake! Despised the people who came with it more famous successor character important in Howard 's original, un-edited.! Split, as a family in January 1934 the publisher went into receivership in late Howard. Of Robert E. Howard ( 1906–1936 ), an American author who wrote pulp fiction in dream! Writing was being devoted to westerns in terms of physical health, first. On to write two more Conan stories had three or four drafts of this essay, starting again slightly with. Original stories significant elements in the town looking for oil wealth minority groups, such as `` one of family! [ 177 ] Direct experience of the sword and sorcery subgenre Denis Archer on may,! Background in Texan tall Tales is the author therefore stopped writing Weird fiction and turned his attentions to this growing! Historic abuses of the rhythm, drive and would not see each other again for over a.! Posthumous armchair psychoanalysis and short on some other things ] on reading `` Wolfshead '' that. As he grew older, due to robert e howard biography classier pulps poem Cimmeria most realistic I... Of women and fragile bought a pulp magazine, a charity, Robert E. Howard.The works are set the... Republishing it with a market just as stable as Weird Tales still him. The one hand it is a degraded echo of the Black Circle '' glow with the state his!

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